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Equal Opportunities

Protected Characteristics


The 2010 Equality Act makes it an offense to discriminate against a person due to there protected characteristic(s). At Camm’s, we teach all of the children what protected characteristics are and how they affect life. In KS1, we introduce the children to all of the 9 protected characteristics and in KS2 explore them in more detail. This is usually alongside the PSHE (Jigsaw) curriculum, in Project Evolve lessons or in whole school assemblies. 


To find out more about what protected characteristics are and what they mean, please read below: 


It is against the law to discriminate against someone because of: 

  • age
  • disability
  • gender reassignment
  • marriage and civil partnership
  • pregnancy and maternity
  • race
  • religion or belief
  • sex
  • sexual orientation


These are called protected characteristics.




A person belonging to a particular age (for example 32 year olds) or range of ages (for example 18 to 30 year olds).




A person has a disability if she or he has a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on that person's ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.


Gender Reassignment


The process of transitioning from one sex to another.


​​​​​​​Marriage and civil partnership


Marriage is a union between a man and a woman or between a same-sex couple.

Same-sex couples can also have their relationships legally recognised as 'civil partnerships'. Civil partners must not be treated less favourably than married couples (except where permitted by the Equality Act).


Pregnancy and maternity


Pregnancy is the condition of being pregnant or expecting a baby. Maternity refers to the period after the birth, and is linked to maternity leave in the employment context. In the non-work context, protection against maternity discrimination is for 26 weeks after giving birth, and this includes treating a woman unfavourably because she is breastfeeding.




Refers to the protected characteristic of race. It refers to a group of people defined by their race, colour, and nationality (including citizenship) ethnic or national origins.


Religion and belief


Religion refers to any religion, including a lack of religion. Belief refers to any religious or philosophical belief and includes a lack of belief. Generally, a belief should affect your life choices or the way you live for it to be included in the definition.



A man or a woman.


Sexual orientation


Whether a person's sexual attraction is towards their own sex, the opposite sex or to both sexes.